Health care refers to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness, injury, impairment or diseases. When we think of a health care job, oftentimes we only think of a doctor with a stethoscope. But there is much more diversity in the types of health care jobs than just the option of being a doctor. Here we will see some of the different types of health care jobs.
Government Health Care Jobs
In many countries, such as the UK, there is a central agency that is responsible for healthcare of the citizens. In the UK, you can get employment with NHS, and get a secure job in healthcare. Even in countries where there is no public medical service, there are government agencies that employ doctors and other health care professionals. One such agency is the Department of Human Health and Services in the US. Another civilian agency is the Veterans Health Administration.
Healthcare jobs in Military
Almost every military has a medical corps, which has different rules and responsibilities than the normal soldiers. For example, the US military will encourage its serving doctors to pursue specialization even as they serve their commission.
Different Healthcare Careers
Other than the types of jobs mentioned above, healthcare jobs can be classified by the job description of the given jobs. Not all the types of innumerable different jobs can be covered here, but the following jobs cover almost 99% of all healthcare professionals.
Nursing The responsibility of a nurse starts from the moment a patient enters the clinic to the moment they leave it. In other words the nurse cares for the welfare of the patient by different ways, including preparing treatment plans, making sure that the patient knows about the progress of their treatment, tracking the well-being of the patient by tests such as temperature measurements etc.
Medical Assistant A medical assistant works under the supervision of the nurse and doctors. They are trained in administrative as well as clinical work including procedures such as talking ECG, temperature, pulse etc.
Ambulance Crew The Ambulance crew is responsible for the well-being of the patient, which includes giving the first aid, while he is being moved from the site of his pickup to the hospital. There are different types of ambulance crew, including the ones who are directly responsible for giving the first aid.
General Practitioners This is another name for the non-specialist doctors who keep a clinic. They diagnose, and treat the patient; and in case their expertise is found wanting, refer them to a specialist.
Surgeons Surgery is the science of treating a patient by cutting the body and removing and treating the offending organs and other internal organs. Surgeons are some of the most highly paid health care professionals, and it requires years of training to become one too.
Other Allied Healthcare Jobs There are many other health care professionals who are neither doctors, nor are they nurses. These are specialist jobs such as podiatrists, nutritionists, dieticians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, massage therapists, midwives, clinical psychologist, exercise physiologist and forensic psychologist.